Back to sea level. Before and after photos below. The tree was double wrapped with raffia. Then 3mm wire was pushed up through the bottom of the pot right next to the trunk. Enough wire remained out of the bottom of the pot to be able to bend it across the bottom and up the side about 1". This secures the wire. Then the trunk is wired clockwise. Using fingers and jin pliers, the tree is bent and twisted clockwise to help tighten the wire. While twisting and bending, you also need to be pushing down to help tighten the "coils" being created. This shortens the tree considerably. There are refine movements within the technique which need to be shown. A written description is toooooooo long. The process below took experienced hands about 10-15 minutes.
Below is a before and after, the after in his left hand being about 4-5 years later. The live part is grafted shimpaku and the jins are the parent/root stock. Once the grafts take and are grown for several years. The jins are created once the tree no longer needs the foliage from the parent plant. If the tree is created from a cutting, then the jins will be from the tree itself.
Top left: Scruffy with good bud breaks.
Top right: More developed. Cutting back new shoots also causes more back budding. It is getting very bushy and strong.
Bottom left: Main branches have been selected and others pruned out. Branches wired and cut for ramification. Not a good photo. Lacking good background. Sorry.
Bottom right: A few years of training. Main branches allowed to extend a bit and cut for more ramification. Tree is opened up by thinning and wiring, and is now showing a little of age. This tree could be displayed at our show and it did not take that long to create.